Ingredients that Can Trigger Symptoms of Oral Allergy Syndrome
Oral allergy syndrome is caused by cross-reacting allergens found in pollen and fresh fruit, vegetables, nuts and other foods. The body’s immune system recognizes the pollen and similar proteins found in the food and reacts with an allergic response. Every patient is unique, and may experience adverse reactions to different types of foods.
Common fruit triggers of OAS include:
Common vegetables and spices that contribute to OAS include:
- Green peppers
Those with OAS may be advised to avoid the following raw nuts, seeds, and legumes:
- Sunflower seeds
The American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology has a useful summary chart of OAS pollens and cross reacting foods that can be printed out.
Reducing Symptoms of Oral Allergy Syndrome
In some cases, you may be able to tolerate a certain food once it is prepared. Heating, cooking, or peeling vegetables and fruits can often allow allergens to be safely consumed. Similarly, opting for canned fruits and vegetables may eliminate OAS symptoms. For example, if your oral allergy syndrome is triggered by raw tomatoes, you may be able to eat tomato-based sauces without symptoms.
But while the vast majority of triggers for oral allergy syndrome consist of the food itself (i.e., tomatoes, apples, cilantro, zucchini), others can be more challenging to identify. Those with oral allergy syndrome should have a comprehensive understanding of what foods cause symptoms. Ultimately, it’s important to share the list of identified triggers with an allergist and work together to understand the root causes and what foods to watch out for.
Oral Allergy Syndrome Treatment Options
If oral allergy syndrome is linked to a certain type of inhaled allergen — pollen or dust mites — treating the environmental allergy may relieve symptoms. This may include antihistamines, or seasonal allergy shots. Our skilled allergists will carefully examine your medical history, symptoms, and allergic reactions to determine the best treatment approach.
In cases where the diagnosis is a true food allergy, patients can be successfully treated with oral immunotherapy (OIT). Research shows that OIT is safe and effective in treating food allergies for patients of all ages.
Oral immunotherapy desensitizes the body to a food allergen, gradually introducing small amounts of proteins over time and retraining the immune system. At Latitude Food Allergy Care, oral immunotherapy is offered for single or multiple food allergens.
Decreased sensitivity to triggering foods creates a safeguard against accidental exposure, decreases food-based anxiety, and empowers patients with greater dietary flexibility. As a result, patients who undergo OIT often experience drastic improvements in overall quality of life. OIT is approximately 85 percent effective when performed by a skilled clinician who specializes in food allergen treatment.